- Training Academy
A great deal of terminology is used within the highway industry.This is a collection of those terms used the most by UltraCrete.
Aggregate Abrasion Value (AAV)
The standard measure of an aggregates resistance to abrasion.
The material used to provide a solid structural base to receive the surface course material and to hold the ironwork, already bedded onto suitable bedding material, in place.
The material used to fix the ironwork frame to the substrate.
Bond coats are proprietary materials that are PAS approved, generally formulated to enable heavier application rates than are possible with tack coats and to provide greater cohesion between bituminous layers.
Cement bound granular material.
Californian bearing ratio; a measure of load bearing strength.
A structure where the road is composed of lean mix concrete or other cement bound granular material, normally with bituminous surfacing layers.
When the width of the reinstatement of the binder or surface course is wider than the reinstatement below to provide higher resistance to water ingress.
A highway where the public have right of way on a bicycle only.
All excavations and trenches where the depth of cover over the apparatus is greater than 1.5 metres.
Works requiring immediate action if deemed to be dangerous to persons or property.
The base can be composed of bituminous, granular or a mixture of the two materials.
A way over which the public have right of way on foot only, not being a footway.
A highway also comprised of a carriageway which the public have right of way on foot only.
Sometimes called street furniture, this term usually applies to manhole covers and gully tops and chambers installed on a road surface.
A generic term used when components of a sheet, or structure, are made of synthetic or polymer, and used in contact with soil and other materials in civil engineering applications.
The Highway Authorities Product Approval Scheme is a Product Certification Scheme for the highways sector enabling products not covered by a Standard to obtain 3rd party product certification to provide evidence of performance and service life.
Hydraulically Bound Materials.
Highway Design standard within the DMRB.
Works finished immediately, usually with cold lay material.
Works finished with temporary materials in need of a permanent reinstatement.
When performance standards are not met; the restoration of a poor reinstatement.
Los Angeles abrasion value – measure of resistance to abrasion of an aggregate.
Standard works that have been identified and planned at least 6 months in advance of works commencing.
A structure made up of setts, concrete blocks, brick pavers or paving slabs.
Million Standard Axles. The number of commercial vehicles that would be occupying the road at the end of the design life of road.
Trenches with 300mm surface width or less, with a surface area greater than 2 metres.
Usually associated with using bituminous or resin based sealants, applied hot or cold to seal narrow cracks or joints usually less than 5mm wide on a road surface. The maximum width is normally less than 40mm.
Product Accdeptance Scheme Approval. An independent test house which tests, monitors and quality checks materials to ensure compliance to standards.
Permanent Cold Lay Surfacing Materials (PCSM’s) are manufactured and laid at ambient temperatures and are used for reinstating around ironwork, utility trenches and filling potholes. These materials remain workable (useable) for several weeks post manufacture, which facilitates their delivery in small loads, tubs and bags which is ideal for hand lay work.
The penetration grade of a bituminous binder.
A repair which has been saw cut into a square, rectangle or diamon, and has properly compacted reinstatement layers up to, and including, finished level.
An allowable alternative to the preferred material.
PMMA – Polymer Modified Mastic Asphalt
Mastic asphalt manufactured using a polymer modified binder to impart additional beneficial properties aimed at improving end performance and durability.
The favoured choice of all options.
Polished Stone Value.
Pendulum Test Value.
Usually comprised of pavement quality concrete that has been reinforced.
Road and Footway Structure
Includes the surface course, binder course, base and sub-base.
Specification for Highway Works – published as volume 1 of the Manual Contract Documents for Highway Works (MCHW).
All openings with a surface area of 2sqm or less.
Specification for the Reinstatement of Openings in Highways fourth edition May 2020.
Skid Resistance Value
The surface course is the very last layer of road construction (prior to markings). It is the part of a road that endures direct contact with traffic.
The width of the reinstatement of the binder or surface course is wider than the reinstatement below to provide higher resistance to water ingress.
Any highway, road, lane, footway, alley or passage. Also any square or court.
Bituminous emulsion used to enhance adhesion or bituminous layers. Tack coat is a sprayed application of an asphalt binder upon an existing asphalt or Portland cement concrete pavement prior to an overlay, or between layers of a new asphalt concrete.
Refers to the New Roads and Streetworks Act 1991 (NRSWA).
The cut surface that defines the outer edge of the reinstatement.
The area between trim-lines excavated around a fixed feature to permit an adequate reinstatement.
National Accreditation Body that has introduced a national scheme for the accreditation of laboratories used for the testing of materials.
Usually the holder of a streetworks license or someone who has a statutory right to execute works.
Works which fall short of emergency works but require immediate action to prevent further deterioration of a situation.
A test to determine the deformation of surface courses.